A server is an application or device that performs service for connected clients as part of client server architecture. It can also be a computer system that has been designated for running a specific server application . A server can also serve applications to users on an intranet.
A workstation is a personal computer that is used for high end applications such as graphic design, video editing, CAD, 3-D design, or other CPU and RAM intensive programs. A workstation typically has a top of the line, fast processor, multiple hard drives, and a lot of RAM memory. A workstation may also have special audio, video, or processing cards for special editing work. A workstation is marketed by computer manufacturers to professional users, while the server is more of a utility device.
Both form part of the networking architecture and differ in their functions and use.
|Server versus Workstation comparison chart|
|Definition||A server is an application or device that performs service for connected clients as part of client server architecture.||A computer that is used to power applications such as graphic art, 3-D design, Video Editing, or other CPU/RAM intensive software|
|Function||Internet, Office, Education, Home Networks||Business, Design, Engineering, Multi-Media Production|
|Operating systems||Free BSD, Solaris, Linux, Windows server||Unix, Linux, Windows workstation|
|Examples||Web servers, application servers etc||Video and audio workstation.|
|Reliability||Often comes with error correcting DDR modules, storage disks are typically in RAID and often have more than one power supply unit along with more than one Network port. Can be run in multiple-CPU setups.||No error correcting DDR modules, RAID storage disks aren’t typically used. Only one power supply unit and very often only one network port.|